Silvia Picozzi is responsible of NFFA theory branch.
She has experience in materials modeling (mostly simulations based on density functional theory, DFT) on a variety of systems, ranging from semiconductor interfaces to beyond-DFT approaches, from organic crystals to diluted magnetic semiconductors, from Heusler alloys to multiferroics and magnetoelectrics.
She has been mainly active in the field of cross-coupling phenomena, with simulations aimed at discovering and optimizing microscopic mechanisms at play in multifunctional materials.
Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) magnets provide an ideal platform for exploring, on the fundamental side, new microscopic mechanisms and for developing, on the technological side, ultracompact spintronic applications. So far, bilinear spin Hamiltonians have been commonly adopted to investigate the magnetic properties of 2D magnets, neglecting higher order magnetic interactions. However, we here provide quantitative evidence of giant biquadratic exchange interactions in monolayer NiX2 (X=Cl, Br and I), by combining first-principles calculations and the newly developed machine learning method for constructing Hamiltonian. Interestingly, we show that the ferromagnetic ground state within NiCl2 single layers cannot be explained by means of the bilinear Heisenberg Hamiltonian; rather, the nearest-neighbor biquadratic interaction is found to be crucial. Furthermore, using a three-orbitals Hubbard model, we propose that the giant biquadratic exchange interaction originates from large hopping between unoccupied and occupied orbitals on neighboring magnetic ions. On a general framework, our work suggests biquadratic exchange interactions to be important in 2D magnets with edge-shared octahedra.
From our users
Phys. Rev. Materials, 5, 104403, (2021)
Identification of hidden orbital contributions in the La0.65Sr0.35MnO3 valence band
F. Offi, K. Yamauchi, S. Picozzi, V. Lollobrigida, A. Verna, C. Schlueter, T.-L. Lee, A. Regoutz, D. J. Payne, A. Petrov, G. Vinai, G. M. Pierantozzi, T. Pincelli, G. Panaccione, and F. Borgatti
Hybridization of electronic states and orbital symmetry in transition metal oxides are generally considered key ingredients in the description of both their electronic and magnetic properties. In the prototypical case of La0.65Sr0.35MnO3 (LSMO), a landmark system for spintronics applications, a description based solely on Mn 3d and O 2p electronic states is reductive. We thus analyzed elemental and orbital distributions in the LSMO valence band through a comparison between density functional theory calculations and experimental photoelectron spectra in a photon energy range from soft to hard x rays. We reveal a number of hidden contributions, arising specifically from La 5p, Mn 4s, and O 2s orbitals, considered negligible in previous analyses; our results demonstrate that all these contributions are significant for a correct description of the valence band of LSMO and of transition metal oxides in general.
Nanomaterials, 11, 1873, (2021)
Interplay between single-ion and two-ion anisotropies in frustrated 2d semiconductors and tuning of magnetic structures topology
The effects of competing magnetic interactions in stabilizing different spin configurations are drawing renewed attention in order to unveil emerging topological spin textures and to highlight microscopic mechanisms leading to their stabilization. The possible key role of the two-site exchange anisotropy in selecting specific helicity and vorticity of skyrmionic lattices has only recently been proposed. In this work, we explore the phase diagram of a frustrated localized magnet characterized by a two-dimensional centrosymmetric triangular lattice, focusing on the interplay between the two-ion anisotropy and the single-ion anisotropy. The effects of an external magnetic field applied perpendicularly to the magnetic layer, are also investigated. By means of Monte Carlo simulations, we find an abundance of different spin configurations, going from trivial to high-order Q skyrmionic and meronic lattices. In closer detail, we find that a dominant role is played by the two-ion over the single-ion anisotropy in determining the planar spin texture; the strength and the sign of single ion anisotropy, together with the magnitude of the magnetic field, tune the perpendicular spin components, mostly affecting the polarity (and, in turn, the topology) of the spin texture. Our analysis confirms the crucial role of the anisotropic symmetric exchange in systems with dominant short-range interactions; at the same time, we predict a rich variety of complex magnetic textures, which may arise from a fine tuning of competing anisotropic mechanisms.
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NFFA is a Progetto Internazionale financed by MIUR through CNR
(Istituto Officina dei Materiali, Trieste) and Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste
and managed by the Commissione NFFA chaired by Giorgio Rossi
(Università di Milano and IOM-CNR).