Alessandro De Vita is focusing his doctoral research on the study of phase transitions in magnetic materials, by leading the system into an out of equilibrium state via optical excitation and following the de-excitation process to the ground state with time-resolved probes.
Evidence of magnetism-induced topological protection in the axion insulator candidate EuSn2P2
G.M. Pierantozzi, A. De Vita, C. Bigi, X. Gui, H.-J. Tien, D. Mondal, F. Mazzola, J. Fujii, I. Vobornik, G. Vinai, A. Sala, C. Africh, T.-L. Lee, G. Rossi, T.-R. Chang, W. Xie, R.J. Cava and G. Panaccione
We unravel the interplay of topological properties and the layered (anti)ferromagnetic ordering in EuSn2P2, using spin and chemical selective electron and X-ray spectroscopies supported by first-principle calculations. We reveal the presence of in-plane long-range ferromagnetic order triggering topological invariants and resulting in the multiple protection of topological Dirac states. We provide clear evidence that layer-dependent spin-momentum locking coexists with ferromagnetism in this material, a cohabitation that promotes EuSn2P2 as a prime candidate axion insulator for topological antiferromagnetic spintronics applications.
J. Phys. Chem. C, 125, 14430–14437, (2021)
Evidence of Robust Half-Metallicity in Strained Manganite Films
G.M. Pierantozzi, G. Vinai, A.Y. Petrov, A. De Vita, F. Motti, V. Polewczyk, D. Mondal, T. Pincelli, R. Cucini, C. Bigi, I. Vobornik, J. Fujii, P. Torelli, F. Offi, G. Rossi, G. Panaccione, and F. Borgatti
We investigated the relationship between ferromagnetism and metallicity in strained La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films grown on lattice-mismatched NdGaO3 (001) by means of spectroscopic techniques directly sensitive to the ferromagnetic state, to the band structure, and to the chemical state of the atoms. In this system, the ferromagnetic metallic (FMM) phase spatially coexists with an insulating one in most of the phase diagram. First, the observation of an almost 100% spin polarization of the photoelectrons at the Fermi level in the fundamental state provides direct evidence of the half-metallicity of the FMM phase, a result that has been previously observed through direct probing of the valence band only on unstrained, phase-homogeneous La0.67Sr0.33MnO3. Second, the spin polarization results to be correlated with the occupancy at the Fermi level for all the investigated temperature regimes. These outcomes show that the half-metallic behavior predicted by a double-exchange model persists even in phase-separated manganites. Moreover, the correlation between metallicity and ferromagnetic alignment is confirmed by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, a more bulk-sensitive technique, allowing one to explain transport properties in terms of the conduction through aligned FMM domains.
From our users
Small, 17, 2100050, (2021)
Quantitative Ultrafast Electron-Temperature Dynamics in Photo-Excited Au Nanoparticles
M. Sygletou, S. Benedetti, M. Ferrera, G.M. Pierantozzi, R. Cucini, G. Della Valle, P. Carrara, A. De Vita, A. di Bona, P. Torelli, D. Catone, Gi. Panaccione, M. Canepa, F. Bisio
The femtosecond evolution of the electronic temperature of laser-excited gold nanoparticles is measured, by means of ultrafast time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy induced by extreme-ultraviolet radiation pulses. The temperature of the electron gas is deduced by recording and fitting high-resolution photo emission spectra around the Fermi edge of gold nanoparticles providing a direct, unambiguous picture of the ultrafast electron-gas dynamics. These results will be instrumental to the refinement of existing models of femtosecond processes in laterally-confined and bulk condensed-matter systems, and for understanding more deeply the role of hot electrons in technological applications.
Strada Statale 14 - km 163,5 - 34149 Trieste, ITALY
ph. +39 040 3756487 fax +39 040 226767
NFFA is a Progetto Internazionale financed by MIUR through CNR
(Istituto Officina dei Materiali, Trieste) and Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste
and managed by the Commissione NFFA chaired by Giorgio Rossi
(Università di Milano and IOM-CNR).